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Of all the early pregnancy symptoms, bloating and excess wind can be the most awkward. Before you even start to show, bloating may even make you feel uncomfortable and affect your ability to do up your pants.
These symptoms are generally thanks to the increased levels of progesterone and other hormones during early pregnancy.
While progesterone is vital for maintaining a healthy pregnancy, it can also cause digestive problems. Progesterone relaxes the smooth muscle tissue throughout your body, including the tissue in your digestive tract. This helps to slow down digestion and ensure that the nutrients you consume have plenty of time to enter your bloodstream and reach your baby.
Unfortunately, slower digestion often results in more wind and discomfort in the gut especially after eating a large meal. Hard to digest and spicy foods are other culprits.
Wind can build-up in your body for a number of reasons.
In addition to high progesterone levels in early pregnancy, simple things like swallowing, nausea, intolerances and certain foods can also cause wind and bloating.
If you swallow air from eating too quickly, wind can get caught in your digestive tract, causing you to burp. Similarly, when bacteria in your large intestine break down foods, your body produces gas that needs to be released at one end or the other.
Some pregnant women can also get a lot of wind from eating certain foods that they are intolerant or sensitive to. For example, if you are lactose intolerant and drink milk or eat other dairy foods, you may become very bloated. This is because your body doesn’t naturally produce enough of the enzyme lactase, to breakdown the lactose (sugar) in dairy products.
Some foods are difficult for many people to digest. After eating these foods, their body, through digestion can produce high levels of gas. These foods include:
One way of avoiding bloating is to watch what you are eating.
If, after eating a certain food or food group, you notice excessive wind building up, reduce the amount you eat. However, don’t cut out vegetables completely from your diet. Vegetables are a very important part of maintaining a healthy pregnancy diet.
You may also help to ease your bloating by following these guidelines:
If you are experiencing severe pain or cramping in addition to your bloating, tell your healthcare professional. It’s important to rule out a more serious complication being the cause.