One of the most exciting aspects of having a new baby will be welcoming it home and into your family. But, even if you subscribe to the most pared down and simplistic of home making philosophies, there are some essentials you won’t be able to do without. Although your little one won’t care what baby equipment it has, life for you will be a lot easier if you have at least some of the basics organised.
- Somewhere safe for the baby to sleep. It really comes down to personal preference whether you’ll want to use a bassinet for the first few months or a cot from birth. Both need a firm fitting, clean mattress which leaves no gaps at the ends or sides. Most babies graduate to a cot at around 3-4 months so cradles/cribs and bassinets are only a short term option. Some families have bassinets or cradles/cribs which have been passed down in the family and which every new baby has slept in. Keeping up family traditions is important though you’ll need to satisfy yourself that an older style bassinet or cradle/crib meets the current safety standards and will not pose a risk to your baby.
Check the product safety standards on the Ministry of Consumer Affairs website
The Ministry of Health recommendations to help prevent Sudden Unexpected Death in Infancy (SUDI) is that in every place, for every sleep baby is safe with face up, face clear and smokefree (SUDI used to be called SIDS or cotdeath). Also that the safest place for baby to sleep is in their own safe sleeping environment close by (in the same room as you when you sleep).
- You will need a range of cot linen, preferably made of cotton or natural fibres. Muslin or cotton wraps, bunny rugs, light weight blankets or cellular blankets are also essential.
- Most parents also have a nursery set up with their baby’s clothing, a change table and furniture specifically for the baby. If there is more than one child in your family they may share a room. Keeping a wardrobe or chest of drawers just for the baby’s clothing will mean it is easier to find things. Baby clothes don’t take up a lot of room, but you’ll be surprised what people give you and how much you accumulate.
- A pram is essential. Be prepared to do some research and really think about the one you want to invest in. A pram which can convert to a stroller is the type most parents buy. Any pram/stroller combination will need to last until your child is a toddler so look for one which has guarantees on its workmanship plus components and is sturdy. It's easy to be talked into buying one which looks beautiful, but is difficult to steer or doesn't have the child's comfort as a first priority. So consider your own height and strength, how easy it is to fold up, what the brakes are like, where you will store it at home and if you will be able to lift it easily and fit it into your car. Some prams are designed for the European market where snow and ice allowances are incorporated into their design. They have huge wheels which aren't necessary for New Zealand conditions; just be aware of not spending money on unnecessary features. If you decide on a three wheeler pram/stroller make sure it has a wrist strap built into the handle.
An approved car restraint. In New Zealand, all children now under seven years of age must use an approved child restraint appropriate for their age and size. It is strongly recommended that to keep babies safe they travel in a rear-facing restraint until 2 years of age. For more specific car restraint information read our article on
car seat safety, and check the NZ Transport Agency website. Hiring, borrowing or using a second hand car restraint can be dangerous. Unless you know its history and are sure it has not been involved in an accident, you should not use it.
- A baby sling, for all those times when you’ll have to have your hands free. There are many different designs, colours, options and varieties on the market so again, do your research and buy one which works for you. Make sure you choose a design which has secure straps and a washable fabric. A sling which is easy to do up and doesn’t need someone else to help you is also important. Backpacks are another option and a particular favourite for dads. Again, investigate the options and choose one which is durable and comfortable. Many of the outdoor and camping stores have a good range.
- A baby bath is useful, even if you have a big sink or bath. They are portable and user friendly. Besides, you’ll be amazed what you use it for when your baby has grown too big for it.
- A baby bag which is big enough to hold nappies, wipes and changes of clothes but not so big you’ll struggle to find anything. The design of baby bags has taken on a whole new dimension so have some fun and go shopping for one which looks stylish but will also hold what you need.
- A change table. Many parents adapt an old kitchen table and find this works fine. Make sure you do not have to strain your back bending over and the height is suitable. A soft change mat placed on the top will cushion and support your baby during change times.
- You will also need a comfortable feeding chair. You’ll be spending a lot of time sitting and cuddling, feeding and staring so a chair which supports your back and bottom is important. Rocking chairs look lovely but they can be hard to get out of and take up a lot of room.
- When your baby is around six months old, you will need a high chair. One with a broad base with in-built restraints and a firm fitting tray is important. Some baby equipment stores do “deals” when a lot of baby equipment is bought. Ask around for this and see if you can save some money.
When do I need to start getting organised?
If you’ve had a baby before, you’re likely to have the basics. Recycling baby equipment makes good sense and it rarely wears out or needs major overhauls if it’s been looked after. Other than a pram or stroller, most parents find they can use the same gear for all of their children. Unless of course, you have a lot of children, in which case you’ll need to replace items more often. Some families have a revolving stock of baby equipment, which does the circuit to different households. Just check everything is in order and working as it should be before you use it for your baby. We all have different ideas on what a reasonable condition is.
Many mothers prefer to wait until their second trimester before they start getting organised. Others rush out to the shops the minute a positive sign is on their pregnancy test, barely closing the toilet door on their way out. Either way, it pays to look into all the different brands and styles of baby equipment on offer.
Cost is not necessarily a reflection of better quality. Where possible, look for the appropriate standards markings on items and ask other parents which brands and items they found useful. Mothers groups are a great way to do some quality market research into retail options.
Setting up the nursery
Once your baby is old enough to go into a nursery or separate room, try to position the cot away from the window, preferably next to the change table and near the wardrobe. It’s never safe to leave a baby unattended on a change table, no matter how young they are. Being in arms reach of what you’re likely to need is important. Aim for some ventilation and light coming into the nursery. Babies tend to sleep better in cooler, darker environments but it’s also important to have some ambient light coming through the windows.
Blind cords, light or fan switches, doorways and shelves can all be very tempting for little fingers to explore. Position the cot on a free wall which is clear of any potential risks and hazards.
Place your baby’s toiletries all together in a basket or on shelves which will be handy for you, but out of your baby’s reach. Some wipes, cotton wool balls and buds, baby nail scissors, emollient cream, lotions, hand sanitiser and a bin close to the change table will all be needed.
Setting up the house
As your baby gets older and becomes increasingly mobile, you’ll need to think of minimising the safety risks around your home. Get into the habit of locking away medications and household cleaners. Close doors to dangerous areas; get accustomed to scanning your home for potential hazards. This takes practice and if you can start good safety habits early, then they’ll be second nature to you by the time your baby is up and about. Check all your baby equipment is in good working order and if it isn’t get it fixed or replace it.
If you plan to breastfeed, you won’t really require any equipment, other than yourself of course. Good supportive maternity bras and breast pads will be enough. If you are going to formula feed you will need at least 6 bottles, screw on caps, teat covers, teats and a jug to warm the formula in. Be prepared with plenty of formula, it is not unusual to use a can a week.
Most parents use steam sterilisers currently, rather than a chemical soaking option. Steam sterilisers can be electric or placed in the microwave. A bottle brush and normal household detergent will be necessary to clean all feeding equipment before it is sterilised.
Buying versus hiring – which one’s better?
Hiring baby equipment is a viable solution if you are only likely to need something short term. Holidays, weekends away or needing a particular item for just a temporary time is where hiring can be useful. If you are keen to try something out, but don’t want to outlay money until you’ve tried it, then hiring is an option. Baby equipment such as prams and high chairs can be expensive. If you can’t afford to buy items, then hiring or borrowing may work better for you.
It is always better to buy quality, safe baby equipment which you'll have pleasure using and which your baby will enjoy too. Safety and practicality are more important factors to consider than just what looks good.
For more information see Baby Needs or Pregnancy.