Baby Bedding Recommendations:
Newborn babies aren’t really particular about where they sleep and if given the choice, would probably stay in their parent’s arms all day. Many are pretty successful too! The most common and safest place for a new baby to sleep is in a bassinette, cradle or cot. Whichever you use, ensure it meets the Australian/NZ Safety Standards. These can be found on the Ministry of Consumer Affairs’ website.
Prams, porta-cots or folding cots, hammocks, swings, rocker chairs and strollers are not safe places for babies to sleep. They don’t provide enough support for any reasonable length of time and are only designed to be temporary, short term options. Because of a newborn’s size, some parents feel their baby “gets lost” in a big cot. But whether you choose to use a bassinette or place your baby in a cot from birth is really about personal choice. If there is an older toddler already using the family cot, it may just be more practical to use a bassinette for the first few months. If you are borrowing a bassinette or cot, again, make sure it meets the Australian/NZ Standards.
Some parents have very firm views on putting their baby into their own room from birth. But separating young babies from their parents is not a good idea and experts say the best place for babies to sleep is in the parent’s room. The current recommendations are for babies to sleep in their own safe sleeping environment (bassinette or cot), beside the parent’s bed for the first 6 to 12 months of life.
Types of Cots:
Cots have not always been safe places for babies to sleep. Our understanding of the risks and potential for harm to babies and children from nursery furniture is better than it has ever been. Babies do not have the cognitive ability to determine what is safe and what could hurt them. As parents, a major part of our role is to create environments which do not compromise our children’s potential to grow to adulthood.
Any new cot currently sold in New Zealand has to meet strict regulations governing its manufacture, workmanship, materials and dimensions. There is not an equivalent standard which covers bassinettes or any of the following:
- Folding or porta-cots
- Bassinettes or cradles which rock
- Toddler beds or smaller beds which are not a uniform single bed size.
- Carry cots or Moses Baskets
- Antique or decorative cots.
Points to Consider when Buying a Cot:
- You may want to take a copy of the standards with you just to check what you are buying adheres to the safety guidelines. (Download from the web-site).
- Make sure the cot is going to fit into the space you have for it. Does the cot disassemble, is it easy to put up, how durable is it and how easy is it to lower the sides? Does it have good working catches and a sturdy frame?
- Check for a snug fitting mattress which does not have any gaps between the vertical rails and the mattress. If you are buying a mattress separately, ensure there is no more than a 20mm gap between the side of the mattress and the cot sides or ends.
- The cot needs safe edges and nothing which could be used as a foothold. Smooth, rounded corners minimise the risks of loops of clothing being caught around them.
N.B. Make sure you don’t position the cot near blind cords or power points. Babies are very inquisitive and can reach to grab anything which looks even vaguely interesting.
When is it Time for a Bed?
The age a child moves out of the cot is again, up to their parents and what suits the household.
- Generally, cots are ideal until around two years of age when most children become too big for them. Often, a new baby coming into the family is the prompt for the older child to move on and start sleeping in their own bed.
- Excitable toddlers less than two years of age can be difficult to persuade to stay on their bed, calm down and then go off to sleep. The benefit of cots is that they contain active toddlers. There comes a time when they need to move on though.
- Positioning bed rails on the child’s bed, or placing a mattress on the floor, helps to prevent injury in the case of falling out of bed.
- A simple but effective guide for when to graduate to a bed is when the top horizontal rail is in alignment with the child’s chest. By then they are tall enough to lever themselves up and over the rail, because this is where their centre of gravity (balance point) is.
- Some parents gradually transition their toddler out of the cot and into a bed. Day sleeps provide an ideal time for introducing a bed, while still using the cot for night sleeps. Over a week or so, the change is not as sudden.
Babies tend to sleep better in cooler, darker environments. Even during the day, it can be useful to darken the room your baby is sleeping in. Curtains or blinds are often effective though are not always possible. Sheets of black cardboard, blu-tacked to the window, are one temporary but effective solution. Try some of the following:
- If you want to de-sensitize your baby to ambient noise, don’t be too careful about being quiet. Some white noise from kitchen appliances, a CD or radio playing or leaving the door ajar can all be effective. Families are naturally noisy and you cannot filter out your baby’s environment completely.
- Make sure your baby is warm, though not overdressed when they go to sleep. Comfort measures such as changing them into clean, comfortable clothing, socks on their feet (if it’s cold), changing their nappy and making sure the sheets are smooth under their head may seem trivial but make a big difference.
- Lots of babies like to suck when they go to sleep. Dummies are a fact of life for many. Unless your baby is waking up multiple times for you to help them find their dummy and put it back in their mouth, just accept that it if fulfilling a short term purpose for you both.
- If you are unsure if your baby is cold, feel their skin temperature on their chest. If you are cold, chances are your baby is as well. Dress your baby as you are dressed yourself, to be comfortable for whatever the weather is.
Have come back into vogue, especially for the cooler winter months. Look for a sleeping bag which:
- Has a fitted neck and armholes and sleeves and importantly, no hood. Make sure your baby cannot slide down into the sleeping bag. Don’t use additional blankets or duvets because of the risk of overheating.
- Sleeping bags are thought to be protective against SIDS or SUDI (Sudden Unexpected Death of an Infant) because they delay the baby rolling onto their tummy. The safest position for a baby to sleep is on their back, never on their tummy or side.
- Dress your baby in comfortable layers of clothing underneath the sleeping bag.
- Using a sleeping bag will prevent bedclothes covering your babies face. Babies control their temperatures through their face and it’s very important to keep their head and face uncovered to avoid them becoming overheated.
For more information see Baby bedding or Baby Care
www.fairtrading.qld.gov.au/cots.htm Cited August 2009
www.standards.org.au/global.asp Cited August 2009
www.sidsandkids.org/current_topics.html Cited August 2009